Africa: About the Region

Posted By: |

Tanzania: Agriculture accounts for half of the national income and 27% of Tanzania’s GDP; agriculture GDP has grown an average of 3.3% per year. The country enjoys various climates and growing conditions, and the majority of agriculture is rainfed. Due to its large share of small shareholder farmers, 90% of the land is cultivated by hand or by oxen. Several initiatives are underway to provide more irrigation, which could allow Tanzania to increase its productivity dramatically. Its major crops are coffee, cotton, tea, tobacco, cloves, sisal, cashew nuts, maize, livestock, sugar cane, paddy, wheat, pyrethrum. Its trade exports, which totaled $2.74 billion in 2009, are dominated by coffee, cotton, tea, cashews, tobacco, cut flowers, seaweed, cloves, and horticulture products, as well as minerals, fisheries and manufactured goods.

Malawi: A landlocked, densely populated country, Malawi is the exception to food security in East Africa. Its economy is heavily dependent on agriculture, with tobacco, tea, and sugar as its most important export crops. Traditionally, Malawi has been self-sufficient in its staple food, maize, and during the 1980s exported substantial quantities to its drought-stricken neighbors. Agriculture represents 36% of the GDP and about 80% of all exports. Almost 90% of the population engages in subsistence farming. Smallholder farmers produce a variety of crops, including maize, beans, rice, cassava, tobacco, and groundnuts (peanuts). The agricultural sector contributes about 63.7% of total income for the rural population, 65% of manufacturing sector’s raw materials, and approximately 87% of total employment.

Ethiopia: About 80% of the country’s exports come from agriculture commodities with about 45% of its GDP coming from its major products, including coffee, cereals, pulses, oilseeds, hides and skins. About 17% of its land is cultivated, and like the rest of the region, the intensification of these lands will be crucial for the further development of the country’s agriculture.

About a decade ago, approximately 65% of Ethiopia’s total exports came from the coffee trade. That number is now about 35%, largely due to declining coffee prices around the world. Despite the country’s reliance on rain and susceptibility to drought, the potential exists for self-sufficiency in grains and for export development in livestock, flowers, grains, oilseeds, sugar, fruits and vegetables.

Uganda: The country’s main cash crops include coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, sugar cane, cut flowers and vanilla. Its major food crops include bananas, corn, cassava, potatoes, millet and pulses. Uganda is known for its fertile land and favorable soil conditions, and major investment is underway to make agriculture technologies more accessible to farmers. About 80% of the workforce is employed by agriculture enterprise, and Uganda has been in the process of accelerating investment in its traditional cash crops, including coffee, cotton, tea and tobacco, as well as promoting its nontraditional agriculture exports, notably maize, beans, groundnuts, soybeans, sesame seeds and fruits and vegetables.

Rwanda: Although it’s one of the fastest reforming countries on the planet, Rwanda’s reliance on agriculture remains unchanged. Up to 90% of the workforce relies on agriculture for income in some way, and agriculture products constitute 36% of the country’s GDP. Small shareholder farmers cultivate an average of 0.5 hectares in this small, landlocked and crowded country, and increasing crop intensification is a linchpin for lifting many of its citizens out of subsistence poverty. In the past two years, farmers who report using modern seeds has risen from 3% to 55%, and crop protection inputs have seen a similar rise in use. The country’s main crops are coffee, tea, pyrethrum (chrysanthemums), bananas, beans, sorghum, potatoes, livestock.

Burundi: The economy of Burundi is based predominantly on agriculture, accounting for 45% of GDP in 2009. Agriculture supports more than 90% of the labor force, the majority of whom are subsistence farmers. Although Burundi is potentially self-sufficient in food production, its recent civil war, overpopulation, and soil erosion have contributed to the contraction of the subsistence economy by 30% in recent years.

The main cash crop is coffee, which accounted for 55.6% of exports in 2009. This dependence on coffee has increased Burundi’s vulnerability to fluctuations in seasonal yields and international coffee prices. Coffee processing is the largest state-owned enterprise in terms of income, and the government is courting private investors to privatize the sector. Other principal exports include tea and raw cotton. About 35% of the country is arable land, and it efficiently grows sorghum, sweet potatoes, bananas and manioc in addition to its key crops of coffee, cotton, tea and corn.

Africa/Middle East

Africa/Middle East

Southern Africa Faces Extensive Crop Failure in 2016

Southern Africa is facing the threat of extensive crop failures this year as a result of record low rainfall in

Africa/Middle East

Stockton’s Timorex Gold Launched in Philippines

Stockton Israel, a developer of plant-based biopesticides, announced that its flagship product, Timorex Gold is now available in the Philippines

Africa/Middle East

Outlook 2016: Commodity Price Slump to Continue Through 2017

In the Great Recession that began in late 2007, the global economy sputtered on weak performance from advanced economies while

Africa/Middle East

Handling the Bumps in the Road

Few are left unscathed by the downturn, but opportunities, both big and small, haven’t left the cyclical ag business.

Africa/Middle East

Adama Expands Relationship with ChemChina Group

In an effort to expand its role in China, Adama Agricultural Solutions Ltd. will enter into a collaboration with five Chinese

Africa/Middle East

Stockton Names Guy Elitzur as CEO

Move is in preparation of NASDAQ IPO and planned acquisitions.

Africa/Middle East

Eden Research’s Kenyan Partner Gets Approval for Fungicide

Eden Research’s partner, Lachlan Kenya Limited, has received approval to begin selling Eden’s 3AEY, a microencapsulated fungicide, in Kenya. The product,

Africa/Middle East

Tough Conditions in Brazil Weaken Adama Results

Robust volume growth, as well as an increase in prices in local currencies, were more than offset by the significant depreciation of all currencies against the dollar.

Africa/Middle East

South Africa Agriculture Suffers as Drought Hits

Provinces will be eligible for emergency assistance from the National Treasury.

Africa/Middle East

Land O’Lakes Partners with South Africa’s Villa Crop Protection

Land O'Lakes, through its South African subsidiary, assumes a 52.5% ownership stake in Villa Crop Protection.

Africa/Middle East

Adama Gets Australian Approval for Nimitz

Australia is the third country globally to receive registration approval, after the United States and Israel.

Africa/Middle East

Stockton Group Gets Approval in Colombia for Timorex Gold

Timorex Gold approved to control leaf spot (Cercospora nicotianae - Alternaria sp) in tobacco cultivation.

Africa/Middle East

BASF Expands Biological Solutions Production

BASF has expanded its biologicals production facility in Littlehampton, UK. The new capacity increases the company’s ability to double the

Africa/Middle East

Bayer Opens European Oilseed Processing Center To Help Drive Seeds Business

Bayer CropScience‘s new EUR 15 million ($16.8 million) European Oilseed Processing Center in the German town of Monheim substantially expands its ability

Africa/Middle East

UK Growers to Launch New Biopesticide Firm

Real IPM UK works with biocontrol manufacturer Real IPM Kenya.

Africa/Middle East

GMO Ban in Kenya Will Soon Be Lifted

The Kenyan government will lift the ban on GMOs in two months, according to Deputy President H.E William Ruto, according

Africa/Middle East

FCI Sourcing Network Enjoys Successful Launch

The FCI Sourcing Network launched just weeks ago has already generated a great deal of interest from manufacturers and distributors looking to

Africa/Middle East

Environmental Respect Awards Program Celebrates With Four Ambassadors From Around The Globe

Although the Environmental Respect Awards programs, sponsored by DuPont Crop Protection with assistance from CropLife and FCI magazines has previously

Africa/Middle East

Sumitomo, IVCC to Start Novel Insecticide Tests in Africa

Product expected to help solve the problem of insecticide resistance.

Latest News


Willowood Gets EPA Approval for Herbicide

Willowood USA announced today that U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has approved its Willowood Mesotrione 4SC product. Willowood Mesotrione 4SC is


Vivid Life Sciences Gets EPA Registration for Fungicide

Vivid Life Sciences announces the EPA registration of Agri-Fos Systemic Fungicide Plus, a highly concentrated active ingredient phosphite fungicide, for


Brazilian Real Devaluation Hits Syngenta Results

Syngenta, which is set to be acquired by ChemChina, reported that the strong dollar and a volatile currency environment in


Bayer Refuses EPA Request to Cancel Insecticide for Farmers

Crop Science, a division of Bayer, has refused an EPA request to cancel the uses of flubendiamide — an insecticide

Industry News

ACETO Corp. Declares Quarterly Cash Dividend

ACETO Corporation, an international company engaged in the marketing, sale and distribution of human health products, pharmaceutical ingredients and performance