Africa: About the Region

Tanzania: Agriculture accounts for half of the national income and 27% of Tanzania’s GDP; agriculture GDP has grown an average of 3.3% per year. The country enjoys various climates and growing conditions, and the majority of agriculture is rainfed. Due to its large share of small shareholder farmers, 90% of the land is cultivated by hand or by oxen. Several initiatives are underway to provide more irrigation, which could allow Tanzania to increase its productivity dramatically. Its major crops are coffee, cotton, tea, tobacco, cloves, sisal, cashew nuts, maize, livestock, sugar cane, paddy, wheat, pyrethrum. Its trade exports, which totaled $2.74 billion in 2009, are dominated by coffee, cotton, tea, cashews, tobacco, cut flowers, seaweed, cloves, and horticulture products, as well as minerals, fisheries and manufactured goods.

Malawi: A landlocked, densely populated country, Malawi is the exception to food security in East Africa. Its economy is heavily dependent on agriculture, with tobacco, tea, and sugar as its most important export crops. Traditionally, Malawi has been self-sufficient in its staple food, maize, and during the 1980s exported substantial quantities to its drought-stricken neighbors. Agriculture represents 36% of the GDP and about 80% of all exports. Almost 90% of the population engages in subsistence farming. Smallholder farmers produce a variety of crops, including maize, beans, rice, cassava, tobacco, and groundnuts (peanuts). The agricultural sector contributes about 63.7% of total income for the rural population, 65% of manufacturing sector’s raw materials, and approximately 87% of total employment.

Ethiopia: About 80% of the country’s exports come from agriculture commodities with about 45% of its GDP coming from its major products, including coffee, cereals, pulses, oilseeds, hides and skins. About 17% of its land is cultivated, and like the rest of the region, the intensification of these lands will be crucial for the further development of the country’s agriculture.

About a decade ago, approximately 65% of Ethiopia’s total exports came from the coffee trade. That number is now about 35%, largely due to declining coffee prices around the world. Despite the country’s reliance on rain and susceptibility to drought, the potential exists for self-sufficiency in grains and for export development in livestock, flowers, grains, oilseeds, sugar, fruits and vegetables.

Uganda: The country’s main cash crops include coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, sugar cane, cut flowers and vanilla. Its major food crops include bananas, corn, cassava, potatoes, millet and pulses. Uganda is known for its fertile land and favorable soil conditions, and major investment is underway to make agriculture technologies more accessible to farmers. About 80% of the workforce is employed by agriculture enterprise, and Uganda has been in the process of accelerating investment in its traditional cash crops, including coffee, cotton, tea and tobacco, as well as promoting its nontraditional agriculture exports, notably maize, beans, groundnuts, soybeans, sesame seeds and fruits and vegetables.

Rwanda: Although it’s one of the fastest reforming countries on the planet, Rwanda’s reliance on agriculture remains unchanged. Up to 90% of the workforce relies on agriculture for income in some way, and agriculture products constitute 36% of the country’s GDP. Small shareholder farmers cultivate an average of 0.5 hectares in this small, landlocked and crowded country, and increasing crop intensification is a linchpin for lifting many of its citizens out of subsistence poverty. In the past two years, farmers who report using modern seeds has risen from 3% to 55%, and crop protection inputs have seen a similar rise in use. The country’s main crops are coffee, tea, pyrethrum (chrysanthemums), bananas, beans, sorghum, potatoes, livestock.

Burundi: The economy of Burundi is based predominantly on agriculture, accounting for 45% of GDP in 2009. Agriculture supports more than 90% of the labor force, the majority of whom are subsistence farmers. Although Burundi is potentially self-sufficient in food production, its recent civil war, overpopulation, and soil erosion have contributed to the contraction of the subsistence economy by 30% in recent years.

The main cash crop is coffee, which accounted for 55.6% of exports in 2009. This dependence on coffee has increased Burundi’s vulnerability to fluctuations in seasonal yields and international coffee prices. Coffee processing is the largest state-owned enterprise in terms of income, and the government is courting private investors to privatize the sector. Other principal exports include tea and raw cotton. About 35% of the country is arable land, and it efficiently grows sorghum, sweet potatoes, bananas and manioc in addition to its key crops of coffee, cotton, tea and corn.

Africa/Middle East

Africa/Middle East

Marrone Bio Innovations Signs Distribution Agreement in North Africa

ÉLÉPHANT VERT, which has 300 employees in five countries in Africa and Europe and develops and markets organic amendments, biofertilizers, biostimulants and 100% natural biopesticides made in four production units, will develop and market two of MBI's products in Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria:

Africa/Middle East

Liberia: Agro-dealers Cautioned on Safe Use of Inputs

The president of the National Agro-dealers Association of Liberia (NADAL) has cautioned agro-dealers in the country on the proper use

Africa/Middle East

‘Big Three’ Donors Team Up to Boost African Ag Transformation

Three of the biggest funders of African agricultural transformation have launched a new $280 million partnership at the 2017 Agricultural Green Revolution Forum in Abidjan.

Africa/Middle East

Africa Faces Annual $2bn-plus Maize Deficit if Fall Armyworm Poorly Managed

The Centre for Agriculture and Biosciences International (CABI) has confirmed that Fall Armyworm (FAW) has been reported in 28 African

Africa/Middle East

South African Grain Laboratory’s Crop Protection Division Accredited

The South African Grain Laboratory (SAGL) recently released an update on the status of its new Crop Protection Division’s accreditation,

Africa/Middle East

Yara President: Africa Has Major Potential in Future Food Security

Europe will remain an important supplier of agricultural goods in the future but the greatest untapped potential lies in Africa,

Africa/Middle East

FAO: China’s Presence in South-South Cooperation Transforming Africa’s Agriculture

Africa has derived enormous benefits in agricultural transformation from China through the South-South Cooperation, an official of the United Nations

Africa/Middle East

Looking to Next Year: Announcing the 2018 AgriBusiness Global Trade Summit

The AgriBusiness Global Trade Summit is only one day old, but we’re already thinking about next year. For 11 years,

Africa/Middle East

Nigeria: Agro-input Dealers Say Adequate Farm Inputs will Boost Productivity

The Nigeria Agro Inputs Dealers Association (NAIDA) says the provision of adequate and affordable farm inputs will boost agricultural productivity

Africa/Middle East

Communication Key in South African Biocontrols Industry

Communication. It’s essential to all parts of agriculture, and the biocontrols industry in South Africa is no exception. Which is

Africa/Middle East

Marrone Bio Innovations Ships First Products to Africa

MBI shipped its biofungicide, REYSANA, to Morocco for use by growers on tomatoes, grapes and cucurbits.

Africa/Middle East

South Africa Conditionally Approves Dow, DuPont Merger

The decision follows recent conditional approvals from global antitrust authorities in Canada and Mexico and from the U.S. Department of Justice on June 15.

Africa/Middle East

Is 2017 a Turning Point for West African Fertilizer Demand?

CRU forecasts growth in fertilizer consumption will lag far behind supply growth over the next five years.

Africa/Middle East

African Governments, GODAN Agree to Historic Declaration in Kenya for Comprehensive Open Data Collaboration

The Global Open Data for Agriculture & Nutrition (GODAN) initiative together with the Government of Kenya and 15 African Ministers

Africa/Middle East

Biocontrols Africa: The Retailer’s Perspective

  Kobus Pienaar, Global Business Journey Manager for Woolworths Foods talks about the Farming for the Future program and the

Africa/Middle East

Biocontrols Africa Conference & Expo Answers Why Bioproducts are Gaining Traction in South Africa

AgriBusiness GlobalTM Media is pleased to announce the launch of its first Biocontrols Africa Conference & ExpoSM on 12-13 July, 2017 in

Africa/Middle East

Syngenta Sales Boosted by Strength in Europe, Africa and Middle East

The company expects its pending merger with ChemChina to close in the second quarter of 2017.

Africa/Middle East

Conference Highlights Stoller Product Performance on Crops Across the Globe

Stoller Group might have 14 wholly owned subsidiaries operating in more than 50 countries around the world, but the 46-year-old

Africa/Middle East

An Invitation to Be Rewarded for Environmental Excellence

Dear Crop Protection Professional, As an AgriBusiness Global™ reader, you’re no doubt aware we organize the Environmental Respect Awards each

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