The Changing Scenario of Indian Agriculture

India, since the mid-1990s, is one of the fastest growing G20 economies, reflecting an ambitious and successful reform agenda launched in 2014, writes Pronami Chetia at Krishi Jagran. It has developed as a major exporter of several agricultural commodities, diversifying production towards high-value pulses, fruits, vegetables, and livestock and agri products.

While the sector is growing rapidly but still many smallholders and grass root people have not been able to grab the opportunities opening up to them; they are still fighting with low productivity, an under-developed food processing, and retail sector, and water and land degradation. Moreover, India is still fighting with the same “triple challenges” as other countries: delivering safe and nutritious food to a growing population at affordable prices; providing a livelihood for farmers, and overcoming the severe climate and natural calamity pressures.


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